Once correctly diagnosed, RLS can often be treated successfully.
Several medications, most of which were developed to treat other diseases, can reduce the symptoms of RLS. One example is dopaminergic agents, which affect the level of the chemical messenger dopamine in the brain and are used to treat neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease.
Besides medications, some patients have found relief with Relaxis Pad, a medical device that uses vibration to compete with and diminish the unpleasant sensations of RLS, and cognitive behavioral therapy, which focuses on developing habits that promote a healthy pattern of sleep.
Lifestyle changes may also help. Patients should avoid sitting in one position for too long and should move often throughout the day. Certain foods and drinks can trigger RLS or make symptoms worse; patients may be asked to abstain from caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol for a few weeks to see if symptoms improve.