Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually treated with congestive heart failure medications, including:
- Beta-blockers, which lower blood pressure and heart rate, reducing the workload on the heart,
- Calcium channel blockers, which dilate (open) the blood vessels, increasing blood flow to the heart,
- Antiarrhythmic drugs, which helps correct an abnormal heart rate or rhythm,
- Diuretics, which reduce fluid retention, a common symptom of heart failure,
- Anticoagulants, which inhibit blood clot formation by preventing the clumping of platelets in the blood,
A physician may also consider using minimally invasive procedures, such as an alcohol injection to destroy excess tissue. A surgeon may also perform a myomectomy, in which he or she surgically removes part of the thickened muscle. An implantable defibrillator may also be indicated. Similar to a pacemaker, the implantable defibrillator prevents the heart from beating too rapidly.