What To Expect
Several types of medications treat pericarditis, including:
- Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) - Nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen relieve the chest pain and inflammation caused by pericarditis. Colchicine is another medication that reduces inflammation and is very effective.
- Opioids - Opioids, such as morphine or codeine, relieve intense pain.
- Corticosteroids - If NSAIDs do not relieve inflammation, corticosteroids such as prednisone, may be prescribed but, in most cases, an effort to avoid steroids is made.
All of the medications that are used to treat pericarditis can have side effects, some minor and some potentially dangerous. Minor side effects include:
- Dizziness, and
The patient should report any of the following serious side effects to a physician immediately:
- Shortness of breath,
- Black stool,
- Difficulty breathing,
- Chest pain, or
- Bloody vomit.