Controlling Diabetes

         Basic Facts

  • Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which blood glucose (sugar) levels are too high because the body cannot produce insulin or cannot use insulin efficiently. 
  • If untreated, diabetes can result in numerous complications, including atherosclerosis (buildup of plaque on artery walls), kidney disease, blindness, and amputation. 
  • Controlling diabetes depends mainly on ensuring that blood glucose levels do not rise too high or fall too low. 
  • By controlling blood glucose levels, people with diabetes can delay or avoid many of the complications the disorder causes.

Managing diabetes will lower the risk for many conditions, including:

  • Heart attack,
  • Angina (chest pain),
  • Carotid artery disease,
  • Compromised immune system,
  • Connective tissue disorders,
  • Diabetic vascular disease, gangrene, and limb loss,
  • Enlarged prostate, 
  • Eye problems,
  • High blood pressure,
  • Hypoglycemia,
  • Ketoacidosis,
  • Kidney infection,
  • Leg artery disease,
  • Incontinence,
  • Nephropathy,
  • Nerve damage,
  • Prostate infection,       
  • Renal (kidney) failure,       
  • Renal artery disease,       
  • Retinopathy,       
  • Sexual dysfunction,      
  • Skin problems,
  • Stroke,
  • Ureteral stones, and      
  • Infertility.
Regularly monitoring and logging blood glucose levels is an important component of managing diabetes, which is typically done with a finger stick test. Newer tests allow the person to draw blood from the forearm instead of the fingers.

Controlling Diabetes FAQ