- Pericardial disease refers to disorders involving the pericardium, the double-layered fibrous membrane that surrounds and protects the heart.
- Pericarditis is an inflammation of the pericardium. The onset of the disease may be sudden and severe and then dissipate, such as when it is caused by a virus, or it may recur over a course of many years.
- Common treatments for pericarditis range from over-the-counter and prescription medication, such as ibuprofen and steroidal drugs, to pericardiectomy, or the removal of the pericardium.
The goal of treating acute pericarditis is to relieve symptoms and manage the underlying disease or condition that is causing the inflammation. In most cases, treatment of acute pericarditis can be done as an outpatient.