- Blood pressure is pressure of the blood in the arteries. Blood that flows through arteries easily results in normal blood pressure. When the heart faces resistance and must work harder to pump blood, high blood pressure results.
- Hypertension is high blood pressure that persists over time.
- In certain cases of hypertension, lifestyle modification that focuses on diet changes, weight loss and exercise can be an effective first line of treatment.
- Physicians often prescribe antihypertensive medication to prevent hypertension from progressing to more severe hypertension, and in the process help protect against stroke, heart attack, angina, congestive heart failure, and kidney disease.